Concert Bach by Night
Saturday, November 28th, 2015 – 19:00
Bach by Night, Saturday, the 28th of November 2015, 7.00 p.m., the Concert Hall of the Romanian Broadcasting Company
Tickets up to 120 lei
‟The Musical Offering” has its roots in the invitation received by Johann Sebastian Bach from Frederick II of Prussia to visit the Court. While Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach was employed as the Court’s harpsichordist, the invitation addressed to his father involved mainly giving concerts with the Potsdam organ. The memorable meeting between ‟Bach, the famous Leipzig bandmaster” and Frederick II took place on May 7 (8), 1747 and marked the entire European musical creation.
On this occasion, Frederick ‟offered” Bach a musical theme which the musician described as ‟very beautiful” while undertaking to ‟transform” it into a fugue. Thema Regium, as it was named by the composer himself, became in the presence of the king a three-voice ricercar which Bach allegedly improvised on the spot. And when Frederick challenged Bach to improvise a six-voice ricercar, Bach replied he needed some time to work the score.
Until he returned to Leipzig, based on the theme known as Thema Regium, Bach composed a three-voice ricercar, a six-voice ricercar, a four-part sonata for transverse flute, baroque violin and continuo, and varied canons including the ‟Fuga Canonica in Epidiapente”. The work was completed in July 1747 and was printed for the first time in September of the same year in Leipzig.
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750)
Sonata in G BWV 1038, for flute, violin and Basso Continuo
Sonata in G BWV 1039 for flute, viola da Gamba and Basso Continuo
The Musical Offering
Ricercar a 3
Canon perpetuus super thema regium
Canon a 2 cancrizans
Canon a 2 in unisono
Canon a 2 per Motum contrarium
Canon a 2 per Augmentationem, contrario motu
Canon a 2 per Tonos
Fuga canonica in Epidiapente
Canon a 2 harpsichord solo
Canon a 4
Largo - Allegro - Andante - Allegro
The Early music ensemble Il Gardellino:
Jan de Winne – transverse flute
Christophe Robert – Baroque violin
Ronan Kernoa - viola da gamba
Ketil Haugsand – harpsichord
Founded in 1988, Il Gardellino baroque ensemble borrows its name from Vivaldi's concerto Il Gardellino (R90) for flute, oboe, violin, bassoon, and basso continuo. The core of the ensemble consists of Marcel Ponseele (oboe), Jan De Winne (traverso), Shalev Ad-El (harpsichord), Ryo Terakado (violin), Mika Akiha (viola), and Hervé Douchy (violoncello). For concerts or recordings, they are joined by renowned musicians such as François Fernandez (violin and viola), Vittorio Ghielmi (viola da gamba) and several other wind players.
All of them enjoy a considerable reputation in the world of historical performances. They are leaders - and sometimes co-founders - of ensembles such as the Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra, La Petite Bande, L'Orchestre des Champs-Elysées and Collegium Vocale. Having spent many years in authentic practice, they master all the subtleties at their fingertips. However, as assembled in Il Gardellino, they aim to make a difference and create something at the cutting edge.
While upholding Bach's works and especially his spirit as their guide, at the same time they wish to put him into a contrastive perspective. They juxtapose his works with those of his contemporaries whose repertoire is too often neglected. They play with our own contemporaries in the fields of contemporary music, jazz, world music, etc. During their tours, they invite writers, philosophers, cinematographers or video makers and weave a dialogue with other forms of artistic expression.
Having already accomplished some pioneering performances with jazz musicians (while playing on their period instruments of course), they plan future programs along more traditional lines which will include sacred vocal music as well as opera. After having performed and been highly praised at many festivals and concert halls in Europe, Il Gardellino has been recently enjoying an ever increasing success in the United States, Israel, South America, and Japan. Many CDs have been and will further be recorded for the labels Accent, Klara, and Passacaille.